The Cajon, without doubt, has a very large area that you can play or perhaps hit to produce a variety of sounds. Most of the Cajon drums are fabricated in the top 6-inches of the tapa (front) face. If you particularly place all your focus on this area, you need not think of stooping forward or bending forward.
Let us briefly look into the individual tones produced by the Cajon
Bass Tone – Most of the tone is produced by hitting the face 4-6 inches across the front face (from side to side) right in the middle. This area is quite far down the face, this will allow the face to create a solid tone, punchy and focused and have it resonated, as we desire it to sound. This is also a very easy to reach the area of the face. When we go down the tapa face, which is top to bottom, we tend to get a huge bass tone, but the work that is involved in this process is greater than any benefit that you derive from the sound itself.
High Tone – If we for instance play in the upper corners of the front face otherwise referred to as the tapa face, the wood will be restricted or perhaps trapped on two sides by the screws. This implies that it vibrates a lot less, thus it sounds a lot more high-pitched and woody. If you add a snare to this sound, you will replicate a drum kit’s snare.
Bassdrum: Make the hand flat, usually the palm of your right hand, and hit with the stretched palm in the middle or slightly above the middle of the wooden membrane. A dull, oppressive and bassy sound is created. Your hand should stay relaxed and not be tense convulsively. The movement is supported by the forearm.
Snare Drum: Use your fingers, for example, the left hand, to touch the upper edge/corner area of the diaphragm (for example, where the striking surface stands out slightly from the Cajon body). The movement now comes from the wrist, the fingers are loosely stretched. With this “open-tone” shock develops a crisp accent. Many Cajon drums have integrated snare effects (snare carpet, snare claws or taut strings), which support the snare backbeat with crisp tones.
Rim Tone: This whistling and accentuated sound comes from the field of conga playing technique and is called “Slap”. Make a hollow hand, the fingers are bent slightly and with a little swing out of the wrist hits the upper part of the wooden membrane. Your forearm supports the movement. Make sure that only your fingertips hit the clubface. This beat needs to sound louder and more salient than the snare drum beat, because you can use the slap to imitate a rim sound, for example.
Ghost notes: And then there are the quiet, unaccented beats, which you can use as filler strokes – also called “ghost notes”. The single “tip punch” is easily executed from the wrist. The loose fingertips hit the upper edge of the membrane. The sound of these fingertips is dry and quiet.
With the four playing techniques, you will be able to create all conceivable drum grooves. The music samples that you find on the internet should give you a few inspirations and also clarify which handset you can handle well. So it can be well worth your time to take a look at the various guides on the internet about how you can play a Cajon Drum. You may also be able to pick the right kind of Cajon Drum based on the kind of guide that you read online as well. So if you are still new to playing or buying Cajon drums, you must always read a guide first. It can be of immense help in terms of using or playing a Cajon Drum.
It should be noted in advance that Cajon drums are percussion instruments, so there is no measurably correct mood. Unlike stringed instruments – which simply correct the pitch – the Cajon can only optimize the sound and eliminate noise. The advantage: There is no purely technical sound wrong and correct. The disadvantage, however, is that as with drumming voices a lot of practice, tact and in the beginning especially patience is needed to find their personal sound.
Playing Cajon is not as complicated as it looks at first glance. In the beginning, you should focus on two elements: the bass and the snare playing surface. Alternate beats create exciting rhythms.
The bass face is in the middle of the Cajon and the snare face on the top edges. If you watch a Cajon player, you will realize that his hands are always moving between these two faces.